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Stimulus-Response Theory

Stimulus-Response Theory

... and response. In particular, the belief is that a subject is presented with a stimulus, and then responds to that stimulus, producing "behavior" (the object of psychology's study, as a field). In other words, behavior cannot ...

Stress: Fight or Flight Response

Stress: Fight or Flight Response

... flight response? The flight or fight response, also called the "acute stress response" was first described by Walter Cannon in the 1920s as a theory that animals react to threats with a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous ...

Fight or Flight Response Revision Quiz

Fight or Flight Response Revision Quiz

Test your knowledge of the fight-or-flight response with this revision quiz.

Pavlov's Dogs and Classical Conditioning

Pavlov's Dogs and Classical Conditioning

... reflex response which we would expect to happen as saliva plays a role in the digestion of food. Did You Know? Psychologist Edwin Twitmyer at the University of Pennsylvania in the U.S. discovered classical conditioning at approximately ...

Psychology Studies and Experiments

Psychology Studies and Experiments

Evaluations, summaries and guides to a vast range of psychology studies and experiments. Ideal for psychology students and tutors.

Language Acquisition

Language Acquisition

... that a response came about from its effect as punishment or reward. He believed that connections were made in the brain and they got stronger with each attempt to escape the box (Connectionism). He also stated that the law of recency is ...

Attachment Theory

Attachment Theory

... their responses were observed. The children with strong attachments were relatively calm, seeming to be secure in the belief that their caregivers would return shortly, whereas the children with weak attachments would cry and demonstrate great ...

Flooding

Flooding

... panic response usually associated with mortal danger. By forcing the phobic to confront their fear, therapists reason, they will learn that there is nothing dangerous about it. One psychiatrist puts it this way: If you give a horse an ...

Headaches

Headaches

... patient response to these is highly variable. Preventitives include muscle relaxants, lithium, calcium channel blockers such as Verapimil, ergot compounds, anti-seizure medicines, and atypical anti-psychotics. Magnesium supplements have been ...

Cognitive Approach

Cognitive Approach

... and responses to these by thought processes.   Comparison to Other Approaches Cognitive (meaning "knowing") psychologists attempt to create rules and explanations of human behavior and eventually generalise them to ...


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