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Working Memory Model

A theory on how our memory 'works' to remember things in different ways.

Working Memory Model

Baddeley and Hitch (1974) proposed the Working Memory Model, an enhancement of the multi-store explanation of how memory works. It consists of three sections:

Working Memory Model


Evaluation of Working Memory

Supported by many case studies (such as H.M.) where people are unable to make new long-term memories but whose short-term memories are unaffected. This indicates that the active processing of information is separate to long-term memory.

It has been argued that the Working Memory Model explains memory better than the multi-store model, which requires verbal rehearsal of information in order for it to be stored in long-term memory. The Working Memory model suggests that verbal rehearsal is optional, explaining why we don't have to rehearse information verbally in order to remember it.

It is difficult to prove the existence of the Central Executive, as it is not related to any specific kind of information, such as auditory or visual coding.

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