Learn More Psychology  Download psychology articles, Body Language & Dream Interpretation guides and more    Download articles, guides and more!    Sign Up
Psychologist World

Craik & Lockhart (1972) Levels of Processing Theory

Craik & Lockhart (1972) Levels of Processing Theory

Introducing the Levels of Processing Theory

Traditional theories of memory segmented human memory into different stores – for example, the multi-store model with sensory, short-term and long-term stores. Craik & Lockhart's Levels of Processing theory opposes this, suggesting that our ability to recall information is dependent not upon which store it is in, but to what extent we have "processed" or "rehearsed" a piece of information.

An example of different levels of processing would be when trying to remember someone's name. Repeating the name Adam, for example, in one's mind would be an example of a shallow level of processing (maintenance rehearsal), while deeper, more effective Elaborative Rehearsal would be thinking how the name matches with the person.

This page is available to members. Sign up or sign in for full access.
  1. Craik, F.I.M. and Lockhart, R.S. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 11(6). 671-84.
  More on Memory Psychology

Memory Like A Goldfish?

Test your short-term memory with this online feature.

Memory Test

False Memories

How false memories are created and can affect our ability to recall events.

Why Do We Forget?

Why do we forget information? Find out in this fascinating article exploring...

Conditioned Behavior

What is conditioning? What Pavlov's dogs experiment teaches us about how we...

More on Memory Psychology

Sign Up for Unlimited Access

Join Psychologist World today for unlimited access to 2,200+ psychology theories, approaches, studies, experiments and guides:

Learn More and Sign Up

  You May Also Like...