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Behavioral Psychology

Behavioral Psychology aims to understand our actions by analysing the way that we outwardly behave. In this section, discover behavioral psychology and how it can be applied in treatment...

Behavioral Psychology aims to understand our actions by analysing the way that we outwardly behave. In this section, discover behavioral psychology and how it can be applied in treatment...



Aversion Therapy Aversion Therapy

Shock Therapy

Aversion therapy uses the behavioral approach principles that new behavior can be 'learnt' in order to overcome addictions, obsessions or, as demonstrated in Kubrick film A Clockwork Orange, violent behavior. Patients undergoing aversion therapy are made to think of the undesirable experience that they enjoy, for example, a...

Flooding Flooding

Immerse to Overcome?

True or false: If your best friend is terrified of spiders, the best thing you can do to help her is lock her in a room with a tarantula until she stops freaking out. Believe it or not, a lot of psychologists will tell you that the correct answer to that is True. The technique is called 'flooding', and it has a solid base in behavioral...

Pavlov's Dogs and Classical Conditioning Pavlov's Dogs And Classical Conditioning

Pavlov's Dogs

One of the most revealing studies in behavioral psychology was carried out by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) in a series of experiments today referred to as 'Pavlov's Dogs'. His research would become renowned for demonstrating the way in classical conditioning (also referred to as Pavlovian conditioning) could be used to cultivate...

Imprinting and Relationships Imprinting And Relationships

Imprinting: Why First Impressions Matter

In the first stages of life, when an infant forms an attachment to their mother, what determines who they form that first bond with, a connection which will remain with them for the rest of their lives? One Austrian ornithologist showed us how a lasting impression is left on us of our caregiver during the very first moments of us opening our eyes and...

Fashion Psychology: What clothes say about you Fashion Psychology: What Clothes Say About You

Dressing to Impress

You needn't be an avid fashionista, nor a London Fashion Week regular, to be aware of how important our dress sense is to our reputations in the 21st Century. The clothes we wear send powerful signals to our peers and strangers, projecting the self image of us that we want to display. Yet, how many of us truly understand the psychology of how...

More on Altruism More On Altruism

More on Altruism

According to Trivers' theory, an individual will help another in anticipation that he will receive help if he needs it in the future. Rather than saying 'You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours', individuals that practice reciprocal altruism are saying, "I'll scratch your back now, and you can do the same for me when I need...

Erikson's Stages of Human Development Erikson's Stages Of Human Development

Erikson's Stages of Human Development

Erik Erikson's theory of the stages of human development.

Stimulus-Response Theory Stimulus-Response Theory

Like a Carrot on a Stick

Stimulus Response Theory is a concept in psychology that refers to the belief that behavior manifests as a result of the interplay between stimulus and response. In particular, the belief is that a subject is presented with a stimulus, and then responds to that stimulus, producing "behavior" (the object of psychology's study, as a field). In...

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) tried to further previous explanations of behaviour, and looked specifically at what motivates humans. Many theories such as those of Freud, agree that we are motivated by primitive desires such as sex, and the need to feed and drink, and that our behaviour prioritises fulfilling these needs for...

Behavioral Approach Behavioral Approach

Behavioral Approach

The behavioral approach is based on the concept of explaining behavior through observation, and the belief that our environment is what causes us to behave differently or suffer illnesses. The main categories of behaviorism are:   Initiated arguably by John B. Watson, with his publication of "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It"...

Methodological Behaviorism Methodological Behaviorism

Methods in Behaviorism

Methodological Behaviorism is one of many branches of the psychological school of Behaviorism. Like the other branches in this school, it places a great deal of emphasis on observing human and animal action as a means of gaining insight into why people behave the way they do. This is in contrast to other schools, which place emphasis on more internal...

Classical Behaviorism Classical Behaviorism

Classical Behaviorism

Behaviorism is a branch of the science of psychology. It was far and away the most popular psychological perspective during the early part of the twentieth century, first gaining popularity in 1918 with the publication of an article by John B. Watson that outlined the Behaviorist philosophy, and enduring until cognitive psychology gained popular support...

Teleological Behaviorism Teleological Behaviorism

Teleological Behaviorism

Teleological Behaviorism is a branch of the psychological perspective of behaviorism. In keeping with the fundamental tenets of its branch, it holds that psychological insights are best gained from the objective observation of outwardly observable human behaviors. While it doesn't reject the validity of cognitive processes such as thought and emotion, it,...

Radical Behaviorism Radical Behaviorism

How Skinner Shook the Behaviorism World

As one of the branches of the psychological school of Behaviorism, Radical Behaviorism operates on the fundamental premise that "behavior" is at the core of psychological study. Whereas other branches such as cognitive psychology might focus on internal considerations such as patterns of thoughts, obsessive preoccupations, or the manifest...

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