Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a leading thinker in psychology. Psychologist World takes a look at Freudian theories and explanations of personality development in psychology...
Who was Freud and why was he so influential? Read an Introduction to Freudian Psychology to learn more about the man behind the theory.
Are You Fixated?
What's your personality type? Find out with this test.
Test your Freudian Knowledge
Test your knowledge of Sigmund Freud and Freudian psychology with this revision quiz.
Freud and Dora
During a career spent treating clients using psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) discussed numerous case studies of patients with colleagues in an effort to develop and support his psychodynamic theory of the human mind. Subjects of his case studies included Ernst Lanzer, who became known as Rat Man owing to his irrational fear of family members...
The Case of Wolf Man
Alongside the cases of Anna O and Little Hans, the life of a man known as “Wolf Man” helped to popularise Sigmund Freud’s psychodynamic approach which emphasized the significance of events earlier in life and their impact on our wellbeing as we grow older. Freud learned of Wolf Man’s development of an irrational fear of animals -...
Freud and Daniel Schreber
One well known case examined by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud was that of Dr. Daniel Schreber (1842-1911), an ambitious German judge who, as well as battling through numerous periods of illness, stood for election and published his own case history as a book which would become an influential talking point in psychology. Although Freud’s published...
The Case of Little Hans
The case of Little Hans is perhaps the best known of Sigmund Freud’s case studies. The study details the life of a five year old boy whose father sought help from Freud for his fear of horses. The psychoanalyst believed that Little Hans’ behavior provided much needed evidence in support of his theory that infants proceed through five stages of...
The Case Book of Sigmund Freud
Accounts of Freud’s treatment of individual clients were key to his work, including the development of psychodynamic theory and stages of psychosexual development. Whilst the psychoanalyst’s use of case studies to support his ideas makes it difficult for us to prove or disprove Freud’s theories, they do provide fascinating insights into...
31 Defense Mechanisms
In our last article, Defense Mechanisms: Psychological Techniques We Use to Cope With Anxieties, we looked at the way in which the psyche deals with unconscious anxieties. We identified a number of common defense mechanisms which we often use without even realising, in order to avoid the anxiety caused by unreasonable impulses originating in the id and...
Defense Mechanisms Quiz
Test your knowledge of defense mechanisms in psychology with this revision quiz.
Evaluation of Freud
A major criticism of the psychodynamic theories Freud put forward to explain the development of our personalities and disorders is that he based much of his research on case studies. Psychiatrists would suggest that analyzing individual cases of sufferers is insufficient to prove a theory, as it would be wrong to generalize a single case of abnormality to...
The technique used by Freud in his treatment of clients.
Introduction to Freud
Sigmund Freud was arguably the world's first psychoanalyst, pushing forwards psychology and significantly influencing modern-day our understanding of the mind's workings. Freudian thought agrees our mind is divided into 3 sections; the id, ego and superego, and human behaviour is influenced by a primitive sexual desire. The first part of the...
Turn of the century Vienna was fertile ground for the birth of psychoanalysis. The city was home to some of the most influential intellectual minds of history. It was there that Sigmund Freud established his practice of neurology and became infatuated with the theories of a discipline he eventually christened psychoanalysis. In 1900, when Freud published...
Proponents of neo-Freudian theory.
Freud's dubious reputation for sexually-oriented theories on our behaviour was confounded by his theory of psychosexual development, which suggests that as children we must endure a number of stages. These stages are based on our libedo (or sex drive) and satisfying it. Each stage focuses on a different 'erogenous zone' - a...
Who was Sigmund Freud and how did his theories become so influential in psychology?
Living up to Archetypes
Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung (1875-1961) was interested in the way in which symbols and common myths permeate our thinking on both conscious and subconscious levels. Jung initially worked with fellow psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, whose 1899 work The Interpretation of Dreams had attached significance to the recurring themes and motifs in people's...
The theories of Austrian-born neurologist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) had a tremendous impact on the field of psychology - both on our understanding of the mind and on our approach to addressing psychological issues. Through his psychodynamic theory of the psyche, Sigmund Freud asserted that our behavior and the mental issues that we suffer can be traced...
The hysteria and treatment of Anna O is one of the case studies most closely associated with the Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Her case was first discussed in Studies on Hysteria (Freud and Breuer, 1895), a joint work published in 1895 by Freud and his friend, Josef Breuer, a fellow Austrian physician. Although Anna O is closely associated...
The case of a patient’s obsessive thoughts inspired Sigmund Freud to share his observations in the 1909 case study Notes upon a Case of Obsessional Neurosis. Referring to the man using the pseudonym ‘Rat Man’, Freud describes in depth how persistent, obsessive thoughts led him to irrational, compulsive behavior, such as cutting his own...
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Freudian Psychology Timeline
- 1856 Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, is born in modern Czech Republic.
- 1882 Following university, Freud begins working at Vienna General Hospital.
- 1923 Freud publishes The Ego and the Id, an exploration of the development stages of the 'id', 'ego' and 'super-ego'.
- 1938 Freud flees Vienna due to Nazi persecution and moves to London.
- 1939 Sigmund Freud dies in London.