A study reveals how the Big Five personality dimensions influence audiences' narrative transportability.
What events cause the most stress and how can we avoid them?
Discover the experiments and theories that shaped our understanding of how we develop and recall memories.
A look at common defense mechanisms we employ to protect the ego.
How W.H.R. Rivers helped a sufferer of claustrophobia in the trenches during World War I.
Learn to overcome your fears and phobias.
Identifying your phobias in order to overcome them.
Information about our web site.
Analysis of dreams of accidents.
How agoraphobia affects sufferers' ability to function in open spaces.
What is agreeableness and is it desirable as a personality trait?
Analysis of dreams containing aliens.
Why do we help other people? When Darwin introduced his theory of natural selection - often referred to as 'survival of the fittest' - he revolutionized and crystallized thought and theory in regards to how traits evolve in species.
A 'dropped letter' experiment reveals that the affluence of a neighborhood can affect whether or not residents engage in an altruistic acts.
Analysis of dreams containing angels.
This test will see how you react in stressful situations.
Summary of results from the anger test.
How do animals communicate with each other? A look at the Lana project, Washoe, a comparison with human communication and evaluation of research.
Analysis of dreams of animals.
The life and case study of Anna O: how Sigmund Freud was influenced by one woman's experiences.
A look at the anti-psychiatry movement.
Overcoming anxiety with anti-depression medications.
A look at the experience of anxiety and its origins.
Explanation of approaches in psychology, including behaviorism, cognitive and psychodynamic approaches, and biological approaches.
How extraverted are you? Find out with this online test.
Find out if you're neurotic with our free test.
Psychology revision for AS Level students.
The Asch conformity experiments were a series of studies that starkly demonstrated the power of conformity in groups.
The two aspects of self image explored, including an exercise in self image.
Introduction to attachment theory in developmental psychology, including Bowlby and Ainsworth's contributions, evaluation and criticisms of attachment theory.
How Theodor Adorno's F-scale aimed to identify fascism and authoritarian personality.
Adorno's F-Scale revisited.
Aversion therapy uses the principle that new behavior can be 'learnt' in order to overcome addictions, obsessions or, as demonstrated in Kubrick's film, A Clockwork Orange, violent behavior.
Meaning of pregnancy in dreams.
Albert Bandura's influential Bobo doll experiments reveal how children imitate TV violence and the behavior of others.
Learn the essentials of body language reading.
How body language is an innate form of communication.
The behavioral approach explained: Introduction to the branches of behaviorism in psychology, assumptions of the approach and an evaluation.
Articles on behaviorism in psychology, including an overview of the behavioral approach branches of behaviorism, theories and treatments using behavioral psychology.
Analysis of dreams of tornados.
Analysis of dreams of being chased.
Analysis of dreams in being naked.
Overview of the Biological Approach in psychology, including differentiation from other approaches and evaluation.
Biological psychology articles, research evaluations and outlines.
Body language reading guide and articles on the improving your own body signals.
Master the science of body language reading with this exclusive online course.
Master the art of reading body language with this exclusive online course.
What can we learn about body language from animals?
A further look at the body language of flirting.
What your posture and position body language say about you.
Useful resources for further research into body language.
How posture and positioning contribute towards better body language.
Understand what someone is thinking or how they are feeling using body language.
False laughter activates different brain regions to natural emotional response, according to fMRI study.
Discover what each part of your brain does and how it functions with the new interactive Brain Explorer.
Brainwashing, its origins and its use in cults and media.
Psychologist Carl Jung's ideas about dreams' meanings.
Exploring the realm of Carl Jung's collective unconscious and the archetypes that live within it.
Introduction to Sigmund Freud's case histories, including Little Hans, Anna O and Wolf Man.
How urban situations and our genes can expose us to schizophrenia.
Analysis of dreams containing cheating.
Analysis of dreams containing children.
Overview and in-depth review of classical behaviorism in psychology.
Introduction to the cognitive approach in psychology. Explanation and evaluation of this approach.
How Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can be used as a treatment. Article includes an introduction to CBT, exposure therapy, the Negative Triad as well as the successes and criticisms of the treatment.
How the cognitive load of a learning task affects a person's ability to memorize it.
Overview of cognitive psychology. Includes theories, studies and tests, along with evaluations of research in the cognitive field.
Analysis of dreams containing colors.
What are compliance techniques and how are they used to persuade us to agree to requests?
What is conditioning? What Pavlov's dogs experiment teaches us about how we learn.
How conscientious are you? Test yourself.
What is conscientiousness and how does this 'Big Five' personality trait affect people's behavior?
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Discover what your body language says about you to other people, and how to control it.
Traditional theories of memory segmented human memory into different stores.
Craik & Tulving wanted to test whether the level of processing affected how well we remember information. Read an explanation and evaluation of this research.
Checklist of symptoms for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
How cultural differences can affect our perception and behavior.
How minor hassles and uplifts throughout the day can contribute to stress levels.
People who appreciate taboo jokes and other forms of black humor show higher levels of intelligence, according to a recent study.
Analysis of dreams containing dead people.
Analysis of dreams containing death.
Test your knowledge of defense mechanisms in psychology with this revision quiz.
An exploration of the psychological defense mechanisms we use to cope with anxious situations.
How can depression be treated with psychotherapy?
How does the depth of processing affect how well we remember information?
Index of articles on developmental psychology.
Overview of developmental psychology, including related theories and an evaluation.
Symptoms of schizophrenia, plus the various categorizations of the disorder.
How far back can we trace dreaming in humans' history?
An analysis of disturbing dreams.
A look at how animals experience emotions and the differences between human and non-human emotions.
How emoticons influence emotional communication via instant messaging and emails.
How light from gadgets' screens affects our sleep-wake cycles.
The role of neurotransmitter dopamine in movement and cognition.
A look at the background and dreams of Sigmund Freud's well-known patient, Dora.
Research suggests that drawing information can lead to it being memorized more effectively than writing it.
Conclusion of the dream interpretation guide.
Find out what your dreams mean with the Dreams Dictionary.
Common symbols that occur in dreams and nightmares, and their meanings.
All about dreams. Dreams articles and more.
Find out what your dreams mean. Psychologist World's dream dictionary has over a thousand entries on kinds of dream.
Analysis of dreams containing driving.
An explanation of ecological validity in psychological.
Introduction to Electro-Convulsive Therapy (ECT), how it is used today and an evaluation.
Writer Edgar Cayce's ideas on dreams.
Achieving effective communication through rapport, personal space and view management.
Temperature affects decision making and influences voters' preferred candidate on election day, according to new research.
Why do people and animals experience emotions, and what makes us experience different types of emotions. Ian Heath looks at emotional states, the link between the sub-conscious and our feelings.
How do we define emotions?
The unconscious and emotions.
What causes emotional attraction? Are physical attributes the primary factors that determine attraction or is similarity more important?
A guide to emotions.
How do your emotions affect your ability to remember information and recall past memories?
What is Environmental Psychology? Find out with this introduction of the approach, overviews of behavior settings, attention restoration theory and defensible space theory.
What is the experience of envy and how does it differ from jealousy?
Erik Erikson's theory of the stages of human development.
Advantages and criticism of Freudian theory.
Can the Biological Approach explain our behavior? Decide for yourself with the advantages and drawbacks of this approach.
How Darwin's theory of evolution helped us to understand the inherited nature of our cognitive abilities.
Analysis of dreams containing ex-partners.
Aerobic exercise increases the ability to overcome grudges and to forgive others, the findings of a recent study suggest.
An explanation of external validity in psychological experiments.
A look at extraversion as a personality trait. What determines whether a person is extraverted or introverted?
Extreme phobias: an extreme case of fear meeting fate.
People's ability to identify a face may be influenced by subjects' eye gaze direction, according to a new study.
What someone's eyes can tell you about what they are thinking.
A look at Hans Eysenck's theory of three dimensions of personality.
Chin reading as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Nose reading, as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Face shape interpretation, as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Facial attractiveness affects visual gaze, according to a new study.
Analysis of dreams of falling.
How false memories are created and can affect our ability to recall events.
Information on famous left handed people.
The psychology driving our clothing choices and how fashion affects your dating prospects.
Test your knowledge of the fight-or-flight response with this revision quiz.
Analysis of dreams containing fire.
Measure 5 aspects of your personality with this online test: openness to experience, concienciousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism.
How the 'super traits' of the Five Factor Model explain differences in personality and the way people behave.
Flashbulb memories explained. Includes characteristics of flashbulb memories, factors that affect them and an evaluation of Brown and Kulik's research into flashbulb memories.
The body language of flirting.
If you jumped out of a plane, would you overcome your fear of heights?
How flooding is used as a treatment for phobias.
Analysis of dreams of flying.
How the 'foot-in-the-door' technique is used as a compliance strategy.
Overview of the use of forensic psychology in criminal cases.
Why do we forget information? Find out in this fascinating article exploring the purpose of forgetting.
The technique used by Freud in his treatment of clients.
Exploration of the free will vs determinism debate, including a look at compatibilism.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a leading thinker in psychology. Psychologist World takes a look at his theories and explanations of personality development.
What's your personality type? Find out with this test.
How your body copes with stressful situations and adapts to survive them.
How Generalized Anxiety Disorder can take over the life of a sufferer.
Details of the Psychologist World membership guarantee.
An exploration of the emotion of guilt and its relationship to self pity.
What makes us left handed? Evolution from war, brain hemispheres or something else.
What the handshakes of leaders can teach us, and perfecting your handshake.
What is emotional hatred, why do people experience it and where does it come from?
Types of headaches and treatments explained, including exploration of Ice Cream and Rebound headaches.
Historical pseudo-science of face reading explained.
Analysis of dreams containing a house.
How agreeable are you? Take the online test.
How do drugs that affect our mood (for example, Prozac for depression) and the way we behave work?
Find out what makes a successful relationship.
Study by Peterson & Peterson (1959) of how quickly we forget memories.
How to communicate better using body language and by reading it.
If you're one of the many people who gets stressed out when it comes to taking exams then we have a few tips for you that will help you to overcome this and really concentrating on achieving good grades.
How to interpret dreams, remember dreams you experience better and uncover the psychoanalytic meaning behind the themes of dreams.
By paying attention to your body language, make your people's first impression of you a positive one.
Struggle to find topics to talk about with friends? Find it difficult to keep conversations alive? Try the easy-to-remember FORM technique.
Techniques you can use to keep dreams vivid when you awake, and remember them long enough to undertake and analysis of them.
Using body language to let people know you're interested in what they're saying.
How our body language tells a person as much about us as what we say.
A study reveals people's sentence construction often reflects their political ideology.
Overview of the humanistic approach in psychology. Includes related studies and evaluations of the approach.
How hypnosis can help improve our memory.
How first impressions from birth influence our relationship choices later in life.
How the words we use and media language affect our thinking.
How ingratiation techniques such as self-presentation and likability are used to persuade people.
A look at Sigmund Freud's interpretation of Daniel Schreber's fantasies detailed in Memoirs of My Nervous Illness.
A look at theories of human intelligence, and how we can categorize difference types of intelligence.
A look at how to interpret your dreams and nightmares.
What body language is and why understanding it is an important tool in communicating better.
Why body language matters in the real world.
An introduction to interpreting your dreams.
Who was Freud and why was he so influential?
Learn to read body language signals and better understand people's interest.
What happens when we feel jealous of someone else? A look at jealousy as an emotion in various situations.
Discover which Jungian Archetype your personality matches with this archetype test.
What happens when stress gets the better of us?
Using body language to keep people engaged in what you have to say.
A look at the life of Ivan Pavlov, his contributions to behavioral psychology and his discovery of classical conditioning.
How do we learn languages? A look at theories of language acquisition with criticisms of these theories.
Can this test predict your political leanings from your grammar?
How leading and loaded questions influence the answers people give.
What does your response to lemon juice say about how extraverted you are? Find out using this test!
Psychologist World links.
Can removing parts of the brain via a lobotomy cure mental illnesses? Read an evaluation of this controversial treatment.
A look at the types of love in relationships between partners, parents and family members, and how gender can affect the like or love we feel for best friends and partners.
An exploration of the emotion of love from a psychological perspective.
Analysis of dreams containing love or lust.
Use this storytelling method for remembering lists of information using an imaginary journey.
What body language signals can suggest that a person is not telling the truth?
What motivates humans? Maslow's hierarchy pyramid explains.
Discover your approach to decision-making with the maximizer vs satisficer quiz.
Do maximizers or satisficers take the best approach to decision making, and which personality type is happiest with their decisions?
Psychological associations of different colors.
Has someone you know approached you in the street, and, try as you might, you just could not remember this person's name? Put names and faces together and don't forget names again with this associative memory technique.
How research at two universities found memory recall can be improved by chewing gum.
How food and exercise can affect your ability to remember and recall memories.
Test your short-term memory with this online feature.
Summary of results from the short-term memory test.
What is methodological behaviorism in psychology, and how does it differ from other types of behaviorism?
Miller (1956): How many pieces of information can you remember? Miller's Magic Number, most likely.
Minority influence enables individuals to change the opinions of others. We look at how it changes opinions and the factors that affect minority influence.
More information on emotions.
Why do vampire bats show kindness to each other, and is it a selfless act?
Analysis of popular scenarios people experience in dreams.
How does our memory function? Find out the stages of remembering.
A look at narcissism, a preoccupation with oneself: what happens when we experience it?
How fictional characters and events in TV shows, films and novels influence our attitudes and behavior.
Proponents of neo-Freudian theory.
What is neuroticism and how does it affect a person's personality?
What does it mean to experience nightmares, and how can they be analyzed?
What our non-verbal signals tell people about us.
The norm of reciprocity leads us to reward helpful behavior. But how is this social norm is used to influence our actions and purchasing decisions?
Introduction to observational psychology with an overview of Bandura's social learning theory, modern issues in observational psychology and an evaluation of the approach.
The openness to experience personality trait measures our receptivity to new ideas and experiences.
Are you a daredevil or a hermit? Find out with this online test.
A look at operant conditioning as a process of learning, and how Skinner's box experiments demonstrated the effect of reinforcements on behavior.
Overcome your phobia with this self-help guide by hypnotherapist Faith Waude.
How Pavlov's experiments with dogs demonstrated that our behavior can be changed using conditioning.
Using the pegword mnemonic method to remember phone numbers and other numeric sequences.
Analysis of dreams of people.
Test your personality and psychological make-up, including anger and stress levels and personality type.
Area on human personality, how it affects our health, influencing people, and personality tests.
Area on human personality, personality traits and a selection of personality tests.
Traits such as extraversion and self-esteem affect status topics and post popularity on the social network, according a recent study.
Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud theorised that our personality development is based on childhood events and labelled personality types such as analy retentive and oral. Discover your Freudian personality type with this test.
Personality types according to Freidman and Rosenman.
Common fears and phobias and their names.
A look at polyphasic sleep patterns - naps throughout the day - and their impact on performance.
Why do we experience pride and what happens when we do?
What techniques do we use to solve problems? A look at brainstorming, experimentation, introspection and simulation, with evaluations of each method.
How Freud's theories of the human psyche seek to explain the influence of our subconscious.
Join Psychologist World for access to over 2,200 pages.
Full psychology articles and topics index covered on Psychologist World.
Psychologist World forums, for discussion of psychological questions.
Psychologist World forums, for discussion of psychological questions.
Definitions of 100+ terms in the field of psychology.
How psychology explains the everyday decisions that we make, and how we are unaware of the influences that guide the choices we make.
The psychology behind happiness - how positive affect is quantified and what influences happiness.
Learn about the psychology of influence.
What is cold reading and what's the psychology behind it?
Take the psychology reading test and see what cold reading could say about you.
Evaluations, summaries and guides to a vast range of psychology studies and experiments. Ideal for psychology students and tutors.
Results of online psychology tests.
Psychology resource for all, including psychology theory explanations, practical guides to psychology and online personality tests.
Freud's reputation for sexually-oriented theories on our behavior was confounded by his theory of psychosexual development.
Overview of radical behaviorism, including behaviorism and determinism, conditioning, applications of radical behaviorism and criticisms of the approach.
Case study of Sigmund Freud's client Rat Man (Ernst Lanzer), whose obsessive thoughts helped Freud to develop his theories.
Overview to Rational Emotive Therapy as a treatment in psychology. Includes explanations of different developments in the RET field and an evaluation of the treatment.
Face reading: eyes, as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Forehead reading, as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Mouth reading, as explained by historical pseudo-science.
Introduction to reductionism as a technique in psychological research.
Refund policy for Psychologist World members.
Reset your account password.
How to create a story to remember things using the retentive method.
How biological rhythms govern our bodies and what happens when they are disrupted.
How schemas influence what we pay attention to and the memories we recall.
A look at issues surrounding this disorder.
Analysis of dreams containing school.
A look at Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).
Introduction to our Self Image.
How is our image of ourselves created?
The emotion of self pity explored.
Seratonin's role in anxiety and depression.
Analysis of dreams of sex.
Who was Sigmund Freud and how did his theories become so influential in psychology?
What did psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud believe dreams could tell us about our personality?
Test your knowledge of Sigmund Freud and Freudian psychology with this revision quiz.
Sign into your Psychologist World account.
Information on Psychologist World.
Articles on the psychology of sleep.
What happens when someone is deprived of sleep?
Common disorders associated with sleep.
Analysis of dreams containing snakes.
What causes us to obey to authority figures such as police, teachers and politicians and why do people conform to social norms?
Why do people to conform in groups? A look at how social influence affects opinions and behavior.
Overview of social phobias and a case study.
Introduction to the sociocultural approach and an exploration of how our culture influences the way in which we learn and think.
How the life changes caused by experiencing major events can affect stress levels.
How specific phobias affect people's ability to live a normal life.
What stages do we go through to learn our language?
A look at the stages of sleep we experience at night.
How the Stimulus-Response Theory explains our behavior in psychology.
Stress psychology articles and self-assessment tests.
How stress management works.
Take the stress test and measure your stress levels.
How the Fight-or-Flight response explains stress.
Study finds significant differences in personality traits in regions across England, Scotland and Wales.
A study reveals that split-second periods of blinking coincide with key moments of deception during magic tricks.
Listening to sad music can create 'pleasant' emotions, according to a recent study.
How subliminal advertising has been used to influence the public, including examples.
How Skinner's pigeon experiment revealed signs of superstition in pigeons.
A look at synesthesia, a condition which causes sufferers to experience a crossover between senses.
More about synesthesia.
Analysis of dreams of taking an exam.
Analysis of dreams in which your teeth fall out.
Introduction to teleological behaviorism, a branch of the behavioral approach in psychology, with an overview, studies and evaluation of the approach.
How to tell if someone is telling the truth from body language 'tells'.
How Freud used a boy's horse phobia to support his theories.
How the door-in-the-face technique is used to persuade people to comply with requests.
How the low-ball technique is used in sales scenarios to persuade customers to purchase products, and in other situations as a compliance-gaining strategy.
Exploration of the name-letter effect - people's attraction to potential partners with similar names to them.
What movement arose from Freud's original theories?
A handshake contributes to people's first impression of you. Find out how to get it right.
How the perfect smile can improve your communication.
Exploring cultural associations between colors and emotions.
How background music in stores and supermarkets influences consumers' purchasing decisions.
Explanation of the Zeigarnik effect, whereby interruption of a task can lead to it being remembered in more detail.
Theories in psychology of how we acquire knowledge and skills.
How different theories explain the development of personality and individual differences.
Analysis of dreams containing trains.
Can too many choices be bad for us, and how much can we trust our own decisions?
What categories do many of our dreams fall into?
The link between the unconscious and emotion.
The importance of kinesis in body language.
Remember better using the sounds of words.
What are the different types of vanity?
Researchers find link between video game use and gender stereotypes in new study.
Improving your walk for more confident body language.
How to read someone using body language.
A look at the factors that can affect classical conditioning.
Factors affecting attraction, and the Halo Effect.
What happens to make us stressed? Find out what a popular theory on stress explains how it aids our survival, and what a folklore story says about the topic.
We only remember as few as 5% of our dreams, but do they have a role beyond surreal experiences during the night?
What purpose does dreaming serve?
Why might you want to remember a dream?
A history of Wolf Man, a client of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
A theory on how our memory 'works' to remember things in different ways.
Countries with the happiest residents revealed in the 2017 World Happiness Report.
Zimbardo's Stanford prison experiment revealed how social roles can influence our behavior. We look at how it was conducted and what we can learn from it.